Jakarta. Indonesia remains in the bottom half of the annual Quality of Nationality Index, behind its neighbors Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand, a global consulting firm reveals.
According to the Quality of Nationality Index, which is produced annually by Henley & Partners to find the world's most powerful passports, Indonesian nationality is of "medium quality," ranking 105th out of 195.
The QNI focuses on each country's human development, economy, peacefulness and stability. It also takes into account how a country's passport allows its holders to travel the world easily.
Indonesia scored 28.8 percent, up by 1.4 percentage points compared to last year's assessment.
Asia Pacific countries received 32.99 percent on average, with Singapore scoring 52.8 percent, Malaysia 48.5 percent and Thailand 29.9 percent.
"These specific rankings further emphasize that in order to achieve a high score, nationalities in Southeast Asia need to excel holistically across all areas that contribute to the quality of living," Dominic Volek, Henley & Partners Singapore head for Southeast Asia, said in a statement on Thursday (14/09).
Germany topped the list with 82.7 percent, and Afghanistan closed it with 14.6 percent.
As a comparison, Indonesian citizens have a visa-free or visa-on-arrival entry to 57 countries, while Germans do not need visas to 176 countries and territories.
Christian H. Kälin, an international immigration and citizenship law and policy specialist and the group chairman of Henley & Partners, said the report shows how nationality plays an important role for opportunities and aspirations of individuals.
"The QNI provides an empowering perspective that serves to help individuals with the important decisions they must make regarding where to live and raise a family, do business, and enjoy a satisfying global lifestyle, in order to define their future," Kälin said.