Jakarta. Indonesians think that the House of Representatives is the most corrupt institution in the country, shows a survey released by Berlin-based Transparency International on Tuesday (07/03).
According to 54 percent of respondents of the 2017 Global Corruption Barometer, lawmakers are the main actors in corruption cases, followed by bureaucrats (50 percent), regional councilors (47 percent) and tax officials (45 percent).
The survey, which measures the public's satisfaction with anti-corruption efforts, involved more than 1,000 respondents in 31 provinces across Indonesia.
"We can assume that members of the public are aware of the number of sting operations in which lawmakers were arrested in the past 12 months," research manager of Transparency International Indonesia Wawan Suyatmiko said during a press briefing in Jakarta.
In the past two years, 122 lawmakers and councilors were imprisoned for graft, according to data from the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK).
Police and Courts Doing a Good Job
The survey also shows that the public's perception of the police has improved significantly. In the previous survey, in 2013, 91 percent of respondents said the police are corrupt. In the current survey the number has dropped to 40 percent.
"The National Police have introduced many reforms in their institution, but they can still do better," secretary general of Transparency International Indonesia Dadang Trisasongko told the Jakarta Globe.
"This survey should be an incentive for the police to pursue the reforms and even accelerate them."
Officials at the Indonesian courts are perceived as corrupt by 32 percent of respondents, a drop from 86 percent in 2013.
Dadang said the improvement was the outcome of reforms initiated by the Supreme Court, which have resulted in the appointment of many honest judges.
According to data from the KPK, in the past two years 14 court judges have been imprisoned for corruption.
The survey was conducted between April and June in 31 provinces across Indonesia. The margin of error was 3.1 percentage points.