Universities in the United States and Great Britain dominated the Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings this year, while the top Indonesian scorer, the University of Indonesia, placed 309th overall.
The QS World University Rankings are conducted on a yearly basis. QS evaluates all universities across the world and assesses them based on their academic reputation, employer reputation, student-to-faculty ratio, citations per faculty, international faculty ratio and international student ratio.
This year, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) was ranked as the world’s best university, while the University of Cambridge placed second and Harvard University came in third.
The National University of Singapore (NUS) was listed as Asia’s top-ranking university, coming in at 24th overall.
“While Asian institutions have been improving steadily over the past six years, the challenge now is to break into the leading group of US-UK institutions in the top 10,” Ben Sowter, head of research at QS, said in a statement released on Tuesday.
NUS overtook the University of Hong Kong (26th) as Asia’s top institution for the first time this year.
Universities in Indonesia, however, lost ground on the world list this year.
“Indonesia is a fast rising Asian tiger and it will need to invest heavily in its universities and research centers to fuel and sustain its ambitions in the long run,” Sowter said.
On the world scale, the University of Indonesia placed 309th, dropping from its 2012 ranking of 273.
The Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB) was listed in the 461-470 category for 2013 after being listed in the 451-5oo range last year. Airlanga University, the Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, the Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Diponegoro University and Brawijadya University all placed in the 701+ range, declining from their 2012 placement in the 601+ range.
In the QS Asian University Rankings, 11 Indonesian universities were ranked in the top 300. The Asian rankings were based on a set of nine performance indicators, including academic reputation, employer reputation, faculty-to-student ratio, citations per paper, international faculty ratio, international student ratio, publication volume, as well as inbound and outbound exchange students.
The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology placed first among Asian institutions, followed by NUS, which tied with the University of Hong Kong for second place. The Seoul National University was ranked fourth, and Peking University was ranked fifth.
The University of Indonesia was ranked as the 64th best university in Asia, while ITB ranked 129th, Gajah Mada ranked 133rd and Airlangga ranked 145th.
IPB, Diponegoro, Pajajaran and Brawijaya all placed in the 201-250 range, and Pelita Harapan University, Udayana University and the Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology were rated in the 251-300 range.