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National Counterterrorism Agency and internet activists from 23 communities have established three new websites which are expected to help prevent propaganda, radicalism, terrorism and hoax spreading.

[post_title] => BNPT, Activists to Safeguard Internet [post_excerpt] => National Counter-terrorism Agency and internet activists from 23 communities have established three new websites which are expected to help prevent propaganda, radicalism, terrorism and hoax spreading. [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://jakartaglobe.id/?p=640296 [post_type] => post [post_date_gmt] => 2017-03-06 09:42:20 [post_date] => 2017-03-06 16:42:20 [post_name] => bnpt-activists-safeguard-internet [author] => Jakarta Globe News Channel [author_permalink] => /author/jakarta-globe-news-channel/ [category] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [term_id] => 39260 [name] => National [slug] => national-tv [parent] => 14435 [term_taxonomy_id] => 39347 [permalink] => news-channel/national-tv ) ) [permalink] => /national-tv/bnpt-activists-safeguard-internet/ [meta] => stdClass Object ( [_edit_lock] => 1488793365:255 [_edit_last] => 255 [post_type_override] => NA [author] => Jakarta Globe News Channel [post_writter_override] => -1 [post_source_override] => 255 [news_type] => National [news_source] => B1 ENGLISH [iframe] => https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EX8vCsNUlc8 [jg_post_template] => 2col [featured] => false [_yoast_wpseo_focuskw] => internet hoax [_yoast_wpseo_title] => BNPT, Activists to Safeguard Internet [_yoast_wpseo_metadesc] => National Counter-terrorism Agency and internet activists from 23 communities have established three new websites which are expected to help prevent propaganda, radicalism, terrorism and hoax spreading. [jglobeShrinker] => http://jglo.be/jJBA [_yoast_wpseo_linkdex] => 31 [video_duration] => 00:00 ) [user_author] => Margarita Putri [author_by_line] => Jakarta Globe News Channel [attachment] => stdClass Object ( [hqdefault] => http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/EX8vCsNUlc8/mqdefault.jpg [mqdefault] => http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/EX8vCsNUlc8/mqdefault.jpg [file] => http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/EX8vCsNUlc8/mqdefault.jpg [sizes] => stdClass Object ( [thumbnail] => stdClass Object ( [file] => http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/EX8vCsNUlc8/mqdefault.jpg ) [medium] => stdClass Object ( [file] => http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/EX8vCsNUlc8/mqdefault.jpg ) [large] => stdClass Object ( [file] => http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/EX8vCsNUlc8/mqdefault.jpg ) ) [image_meta] => stdClass Object ( [caption] => ) ) ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [ID] => 631981 [post_author] => 279 [post_content] => Jakarta. In what appears to be a global trend, fake news and hoaxes hog the spotlight during election seasons, as the last US presidential election clearly proved. And in this respect, Indonesia is no exception, Jakarta-based Australian media monitoring company Isentia said in its report, released on Thursday (09/02). News articles from dubious websites and unverified sources have taken center stage in Indonesia recently, particularly in the lead-up to the Feb. 15 simultaneous regional elections. However, according to the report, as the election season comes to an end, fewer hoax stories are appearing on social media. Deddy Mulyana, a professor of communication studies at Padjadjaran University, linked the fake news phenomenon to the fact that Indonesians are not accustomed to dissent and democracy. “Indonesians love to talk and share stories. But unfortunately a lot of them can't distinguish between facts and lies," Mulyana was quoted as saying in the Isentia report. "A lot of people don't base their opinions on facts. And social media, the biggest source of fake news and hoaxes, amplifies that tendency," he added. According to Mulyana, violence, sex, drama, intrigue and mystery are topics that Indonesians are most interested in. "Fake news distort facts. Politics is especially prone to, a lot of times promotes, distortion. Fake news are used to distort the truth and shape public opinion, especially useful during elections," he said. Mulyana added that a low literacy rate in Indonesia has not helped with the rapid spread of fake news in Indonesia. "Hoaxes and fake news also proliferated in the US during the last presidential election, but not as widespread as in Indonesia. Americans were media literate enough before the onset of social media. But here, people can't deal with being bombarded by huge flows of information coming from social media. People like sharing and they share these fake news happily without checking the facts," the professor said. Media literacy prevents spread of fake news Hoaxes and fake news are trending down, according to the report from Isentia, after it monitored hoax content posted on social media in Indonesia in the past three months. "We monitored three major news topics in the past two months, from Dec. 31 to Jan. 24: the supposed 'invasion' of 10 million illegal Chinese migrant workers, false reports former president B.J. Habibie's death and reports that one of the Cisomang Bridge columns had shifted beyond tolerable levels. The last two topics attracted fewer than 100 engagements on social media, but the rumors of Chinese workers invading the country triggered a whopping 1,224 conversations," Luciana Budiman, Isentia's country general manager, said. According to Luciana, both social and traditional media had a lot of coverage on the rumored arrival of 10 million illegal migrant workers from China. A total of 118 articles were written on the topic, over 54 percent of them published on online media. "Newspapers were in second place, contributing 43 percent of the total media coverage on this topic. On social media, Twitter dominated with 86.74 percent of the conversations, followed by Facebook," Luciana said. The report also reveals that most conventional media opt for a neutral stance in reporting unverified news, while many "netizens" on social media happily make their sentiment — positive or negative — known to their audience. "Educating people to be more media literate will take time, but the pay-off is definitely worth it. We need people to be able to distinguish between hoax and actual news," she said. Conventional media's neutral stance put them in a good position to educate people on the importance media literacy, Luciana added. 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The idea of certifying preachers came from the public, as the ministry is currently studying the possibility, Mastuki said, as quoted in a report by state-run news agency Antara. The spokesman said such standards would require a preacher to have a qualification or minimum competency to conduct sermons but that only ulemas can establish such requirements. "Only the ulemas have the authority or jurisdiction to standardize the competencies a preacher should possess to address a congregation during Friday prayers. The ministry is only a facilitator," Mastuki said. The ministry previously invited top figures from the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI), Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), Muhammadiyah and other Islamic organizations to discuss the matter. However, it is still discussing their inputs. 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(Antara Photo/Rahmad) [created_timestamp] => 1484041862 [copyright] => ANTARA FOTO [focal_length] => 70 [iso] => 100 [shutter_speed] => 0.0003125 [title] => Pekerja menyelesaikan pembangunan Masjid Agung Islamic Center Lhokseumawe, Provinsi Aceh, Selasa (10/1). ) [post_id] => 630920 ) ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [ID] => 623502 [post_author] => 279 [post_content] => With the growing significance of the internet in today’s life, especially in enabling the cyberspace to facilitate wider public participation in the discussion of issues matter to them, internet does not only pose promise of inclusive and better democracy, but also a threat to the national security and unity — as its potential is used by some people to conduct bad deeds as seen in recent cases in Indonesia — such as spreading fake news, provoking hatred, or coordinating terror attacks and terrorists recruitment. Within the cyberspace, the popularity of social media, that serves not only as the source of information of current issues but also the extension of extra-parliamentary political arena, is not seeing its decline in decades to come yet. Thanks to the agency deemed given by the cyberspace to the public, the previously underrepresented groups like women, youth, people who live far from Jakarta and the minority groups can now voice their opinions, participate in public debates and turn what they personally think is important into public issue. The popularity of online petition, political buzzers and citizen journalism as forms of mediated activism and citizenship indicates the importance of social media to the formation of today’s public agenda and government agenda. However, as anyone is now able to create and publish stories to audiences with the chance to spread rapidly and become very large instantly, the quality of the information consumed by the public is at stake owing to the fact that in cyberspace, be it social media or online news platform, information accuracy is seconded to the speed of its public release. With more people prefer to consume their news in digital platform, the higher the chances of people consume and redistribute unverified information they get from the Internet, making it possible for fake information and news to be distributed widely. Information and news with sensationalism spreads quicker and gains wider public attention, giving it higher news value which in turn makes more revenue to the news creator. In the United States, fake news is infamous for its reputation as a way to make easy money from the ignorance of Americans, deemed as one of the most influential factors leading to Trump’s win in the US election. In the United Kingdom, fake news is accused to have contributed in encouraging Britons to vote Leave during the EU membership referendum. Meanwhile, with tensions running high between China and Indonesia as a result of rumors about the number of illegal Chinese workers scooping up jobs in Indonesia and China’s intention to wage biological warfare against Indonesia, added with a public unrest caused by divisive information and hate speech as seen in the case of alleged blasphemy by Jakarta Governor, Basuki "Ahok" Tjahaja Purnama, Indonesia is to set up a national agency to regulate cyber activities and fight cyber crime. Ahead of that plan, Indonesian government reckons that the revised Electronic Information and Transactions (ITE) Law, effective on Nov. 28, 2016, is the state’s pioneering step to protect the public from cyber threats and sustain national unity. However, the law itself is a threat to democracy in Indonesia not just because it neglects the opinions of civil society and the public, as they were not involved in the discussion during the revision process. More importantly, it endangers freedom of the press, expression and speech, as the law contains articles prone to be multiple interpretations; loopholes which can be used by those in power to repress the voice of the ruled. After all, the revision has done nothing to ease public dismay over the law uncertainty. Correspondingly, the establishment of cyber agency with the responsibility to oversee public cyber activities poses ethical and operative dilemmas: how to balance national security and civil liberties. While it is the duty of governments to protect their citizens from threats, be it terrorism, radicalism, provoked hatred or bullying, people’s privacy and freedom of speech and expression need to equally be protected to the fullest extent possible. The government must be aware of the thin line between observing the cyberspace for security purposes and the creation of an Orwellian "surveillance society." As internet becomes an integral component of modern daily life, while simultaneously posing opportunities and threats to individuals within the society and the nation-state as a whole, it is highly important to look at the bigger picture of cyber threats in order to seek an effective approach to fight it. First, public should not be treated as passive audience who perceives information and acts towards it in uniformity. They might behave differently to the exposure of the same information. This brings us to the second point. It is not the internet that has made cyber threats a success, which have ranged from fraud, radicalism, to provocation. Internet has to be seen as a mode, rather than a unitary method. In other case, the internet solely acts as an “echo chamber” through which people confirm their belief or opinion with like-minded others. Internet's role must be placed within people’s personal history and social relation. Assuming otherwise simply reduces the essence of human as thinking creature. Therefore, censorship and surveillance aiming at safeguarding every citizen and the state — without combating the root cause of each cyber threat — may have the opposite effect of violating civil liberties and validating the attempt to plant hate and fear in public’s mind. Consequently, as opposed to merely constituting regulations and establishing national bodies based on premature judgment about the capability of the media, especially the Internet, and oversimplification of the threats they pose, it is more important to revisit and evaluate the loop holes in our media governance so that we do not reactionary blame the technology and criminalize the public. Focusing on collective and organizational coordination between actors in public including media agencies, civil society, government and the public, media governance points out to the sum total of mechanisms in both formal and informal sectors that aim to organize media systems, according to Freedman (2008). With this perspective, replacing the conventional "command and control," the capacity of the state in media governance is as primus inter pares which encourages and facilitates a conversation between a variety of stakeholders about the creation, monitoring and evaluation of collective rules of the media sector. The multi-stakeholder conversation is important for the maintenance of balance of interests between stakeholders of media sector with public interest as top priority. In this sense, media agencies are expected to oblige to the general standards and ethics stipulated in the regulations and guidelines provided, while the government, civil society and the public should monitor them. Simultaneously, the civil society and public are also expected to monitor the government so that it does not abuse its power over the media sector for its own interest. While online media news is designed to cater to the demand of simple, easy-to-digest, fast-delivered, real time information, mainstream media should stick to responsible practice guided by journalism ethics and standards, in which accuracy and accountability of the information covered — as well as the diversity of issues and voices represented — are more important than speed, simplicity and sensationalism. This is extremely important given the fact that there is currently unprecedented crisis in the supply of public interest journalism and that our everyday conversations and actions are to a great extent influenced by our online media consumption behavior. To balance the influence of online media, mainstream media agencies should invest more in conducting in-depth journalism, as well as providing more space for counter-narratives and fact-based analysis so as to avoid the voice of majority to become the absolute ideology of the public, or leading to political fanaticism. Mass media should challenge the detriments that public has lost from the negativity brought by the digitization. This way, mainstream and online media could fill each other in, establishing an environment where conflicting facts and opinions are transparently presented to spark dialogues between people in the society. When faced with cognitive dissonance generated from exposure to conflicting ideas, people reevaluate and reinterpret the ideas they have or even acquire for new ones to finally reduce or eliminate that dissonance. By delivering contesting facts and opinions to the public, mass media contribute to encouraging people in performing meaningful citizenship in which they assess information they are exposed to, up to a point where they eventually develop their own attitude and actions towards it. Ultimately, the public will create its own mechanism to discuss and criticize issues in the cyberspace or daily offline conversation. Along with that, mass media as the Fourth Pillar of democracy hold the responsibility to be a watchdog as opposed to attack dogs or guardian to certain individual or group. In Indonesia, where the representative democracy does not perform as how it is supposed to be, the media are the only institution people could turn to to voice their aspiration, whether it is support or criticism for the government. Media should not only reflect the government agenda, but also public agenda. Attaining such conduct from the mass media in Indonesia would require the existing media regulating bodies such as Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (KPI) and Press Council (Dewan Pers) to ensure that media organizations attend to their duty to position public interest beyond their political and economic interest, as well as functioning civil society. Prior to that, the capacity of both KPI and Dewan Pers need to be revived so as to not merely be the extension of government control of the media and communication activities without clear rewarding records in protecting public interest. Along with the aforementioned efforts, media governance in Indonesia also calls for the participation of the government, media organizations and civil society to enhance media literacy of the public. Media literacy goes beyond proficiency in accessing and using the media. Media literacy helps public to use “filters” to become more aware in recognizing bias, propaganda, spin or misinformation, discerning sensationalism in media narratives, to online fraud and scam, avoiding threats brought by the media. Essentially, the fact that media, mainstream or online, are now inseparable part of our democracy needs to be embraced by all actors within Indonesia, including and particularly, by the government. Unless followed by thorough reforms in media governance and institutional reinforcement, censorship and surveillance manifested in ITE Law and cyber agency will only lead to weakening democracy in Indonesia, used by those in power to suppress the ruled. As Dahl (1971) asserts, democratization is a process of building and maintaining a state that encourages inclusive participation. Competing claims of privacy, disclosure, and public interest should be subject to full public debate and not just determined by the government. Indonesia has a long list of unresolved issues of media governance threatening the democratization process, including that of media ownership concentration which seems to be seconded by the government. The abandonment of some issues and advancement of some other demonstrate how the public interest, private interest and government interest are positioned in the state’s scale of priority.   Debora Irene Christine is a graduate student at the London School of Economics and Political Science’s media, communication and development program. All views are her own. 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The report was triggered by a photo, uploaded by Eko Prasetia, that went viral on social media a couple of days ago showing the journalists at Ahok's blasphemy trial on Jan. 3 and containing the offensive caption. Lucky said Eko had taken the photo himself with his mobile phone at the trial. It was uploaded on Jan. 10 on Eko's Facebook account with a caption accusing the journalists of working for Ahok's "cyber team" as social media "buzzers." The caption also said that Ahok was a "blasphemer." Lucky had made contact with Eko on Facebook and demanded that he apologizes to the journalists. Eka did apologize to Lucky personally on Facebook Messenger, but his Facebook account was deactivated on Tuesday and since then he had been ignoring the journalists' demand to issue a public apology. Lucky said the photo journalists will start legal proceedings against Eko for spreading hoax on social media. However, Lucky also said that the PFI can withdraw the report if Eko apologizes in public. 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(Antara Photo/M. Agung Rajasa) [created_timestamp] => 1484145258 [copyright] => ANTARA [focal_length] => 24 [iso] => 200 [shutter_speed] => 0.004 [title] => Ketua Pewarta Foto Indonesia (PFI) Lucky Pransiska (kiri) menunjukkan barang bukti pencemaran nama baik profesi Pewarta Foto di Polda Metro Jaya, Jakarta, Rabu (11/1). ) [post_id] => 622185 ) ) [5] => stdClass Object ( [ID] => 621956 [post_author] => 279 [post_content] => Jakarta. Bali Police have trained officers for the Intelligence Media Management, or IMM, unit to counter hoax news and fake stories going viral on social media, a spokesman said. “We have the IMM officers who are capable of annulling and replacing [hoax] with real news,” Bali Police spokesman AKBP Hengky Widjaja said in Denpasar on Wednesday (11/01). He said the establishment of IMM is part of police efforts to curb fake news would could influence the public, while Bali Police officers will monitor online activity. Both divisions come under the Bali Police public relations unit. “Our officers may directly follow up when hoax occurs,” Hengky said. Hengky added police will provide the public with information and education to prevent falling prey. Those responsible for producing and publishing fake news and hoaxes will be prosecuted under the Information and Electronic Transactions Law (ITE), while those who unwittingly spread fake news will be coached by police. Bali Police are yet to have discovered hoaxes relating to local issues. [post_title] => Bali Police Launch Anti-Hoax Unit [post_excerpt] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://jakartaglobe.id/?p=621956 [post_type] => post [post_date_gmt] => 2017-01-12 04:45:12 [post_date] => 2017-01-12 11:45:12 [post_name] => bali-police-set-up-special-anti-hoax-officers [author] => I Nyoman Mardika [author_permalink] => /author/i-nyoman-mardika-/ [category] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [term_id] => 33408 [name] => Security [slug] => security-news [parent] => 79 [term_taxonomy_id] => 33493 [permalink] => news/security-news ) ) [permalink] => /security-news/bali-police-set-up-special-anti-hoax-officers/ [meta] => stdClass Object ( [_edit_lock] => 1484196344:250 [_edit_last] => 250 [post_type_override] => NA [author] => I Nyoman Mardika [post_writter_override] => 279 [post_source_override] => 279 [news_type] => National [news_source] => SP [jg_post_template] => 2col [featured] => false [_post_restored_from] => a:3:{s:20:"restored_revision_id";i:621978;s:16:"restored_by_user";i:250;s:13:"restored_time";i:1484195494;} [_yoast_wpseo_focuskw] => anti-hoax [_yoast_wpseo_metadesc] => Bali Police have trained officers for the Intelligence Media Management, or IMM, unit to counter hoax news and fake stories going viral on social media, a spokesman said. [_yoast_wpseo_linkdex] => 53 [_thumbnail_id] => 620582 [jglobeShrinker] => http://jglo.be/jEKR ) [user_author] => Eko Prasetyo [author_by_line] => I Nyoman Mardika [attachment] => stdClass Object ( [width] => 2484 [height] => 1645 [file] => http://img.thejakartaglobe.com/2017/01/antarafoto-anti-berita-hoax-090117-wpa.jpg [sizes] => stdClass Object ( [thumbnail] => stdClass Object ( [file] => antarafoto-anti-berita-hoax-090117-wpa-150x150.jpg [width] => 150 [height] => 150 [mime-type] => image/jpeg ) [medium] => stdClass Object ( [file] => antarafoto-anti-berita-hoax-090117-wpa-300x198.jpg [width] => 300 [height] => 198 [mime-type] => image/jpeg ) [large] => stdClass Object ( [file] => antarafoto-anti-berita-hoax-090117-wpa-1024x678.jpg [width] => 1024 [height] => 678 [mime-type] => image/jpeg ) ) [image_meta] => stdClass Object ( [aperture] => 5 [credit] => WAHYU PUTRO A [camera] => NIKON D810 [caption] => So-called fake news sites, or hoaxes, have become a global phenomenon. (Antara Photo/Wahyu Putro A.) [created_timestamp] => 1483868730 [copyright] => ANTARA FOTO [focal_length] => 24 [iso] => 200 [shutter_speed] => 0.0008 [title] => Dua warga berswafoto usai membubuhkan cap tangan ketika kampanye sekaligus deklarasi masyarakat Indonesia anti-hoax di Kawasan Jalan MH Thamrin Jakarta, Minggu (8/1) ) [post_id] => 620582 ) ) [6] => stdClass Object ( [ID] => 621534 [post_author] => 279 [post_content] => Jakarta. The chairman of a House of Representatives commission has called on the government to better protect the public from hoax information and media, saying Indonesians are entitled to valid and truthful information. Abdul Kharis Almasyhari, chairman of the House Commission I which oversees intelligence and information, made the comments during a discussion at the Parliamentary Complex on Tuesday (10/01). “Our communities should be protected from hoax. They should obtain truthful information and news coverage,” Abdul said. Abdul warned hoax information could influence people to act dangerously in reaction. “In Islam, conveying false news is similar to sin. I think there is no religion that teaches and allows lies. All religion will ban lies. We hope for the media to present truthful news,” he said. He said the Information and Electronic Transactions (ITE) Law protects news publishers and outlets and called for responsibility among media leaders. “Do not let a news story become the cause for someone to be reported and trialed. The ITE law also prevents hate speech, slander and hoax from entering the public domain,” Abdul said. The discussion was also attended by Communications and Information Minister Rudiantara and Press Council chairman Yosep Adi Prasetyo. 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Rampant hoaxes circulating on the internet and social media platforms have triggered a group of people to conduct an anti-hoax campaign, which has been declared in several cities across the country.

[post_title] => Indonesia Kicks Off Anti-Hoax Campaign [post_excerpt] => Rampant hoaxes circulating on the internet and social media platforms have triggered a group of people to conduct an anti-hoax campaign, which has been declared in several cities across the country. [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://jakartaglobe.id/?p=621309 [post_type] => post [post_date_gmt] => 2017-01-10 10:36:12 [post_date] => 2017-01-10 17:36:12 [post_name] => indonesia-kicks-off-anti-hoax-campaign [author] => Jakarta Globe News Channel [author_permalink] => /author/jakarta-globe-news-channel/ [category] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [term_id] => 39260 [name] => National [slug] => national-tv [parent] => 14435 [term_taxonomy_id] => 39347 [permalink] => news-channel/national-tv ) ) [permalink] => /national-tv/indonesia-kicks-off-anti-hoax-campaign/ [meta] => stdClass Object ( [_edit_lock] => 1484044448:255 [_edit_last] => 255 [post_type_override] => NA [author] => Jakarta Globe News Channel [post_writter_override] => -1 [post_source_override] => 255 [news_type] => National [news_source] => B1 ENGLISH [iframe] => https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t4aWu9HHDs4 [jg_post_template] => 2col [featured] => false [_yoast_wpseo_focuskw] => anti-hoax campaign [_yoast_wpseo_title] => Indonesia Kicks Off Anti-Hoax Campaign [_yoast_wpseo_metadesc] => Rampant hoaxes circulating on the internet and social media platforms have triggered a group of people to conduct an anti-hoax campaign, which has been declared in several cities across the country. [jglobeShrinker] => http://jglo.be/jEzL [_yoast_wpseo_linkdex] => 44 ) [user_author] => Margarita Putri [author_by_line] => Jakarta Globe News Channel [attachment] => stdClass Object ( [hqdefault] => http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/t4aWu9HHDs4/mqdefault.jpg [mqdefault] => http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/t4aWu9HHDs4/mqdefault.jpg [file] => http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/t4aWu9HHDs4/mqdefault.jpg [sizes] => stdClass Object ( [thumbnail] => stdClass Object ( [file] => http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/t4aWu9HHDs4/mqdefault.jpg ) [medium] => stdClass Object ( [file] => http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/t4aWu9HHDs4/mqdefault.jpg ) [large] => stdClass Object ( [file] => http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/t4aWu9HHDs4/mqdefault.jpg ) ) [image_meta] => stdClass Object ( [caption] => ) ) ) [8] => stdClass Object ( [ID] => 621284 [post_author] => 255 [post_content] =>

In front of Islamic Boarding School students in Pekalongan, Central Java, President Joko Widodo, says hoaxes circulating in social media serves as a threat to the nation's unity.

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