Ericsson's chief tech officer Erik Ekudden. (Photo courtesy of Ericsson)

Erik Ekudden: 5 Trends to Drive Tech Industry in Near Future

APRIL 19, 2019

Jakarta. Erik Ekudden, Ericsson's chief technology officer and senior vice president discussed the future of 5G network in Indonesia and tech trends in an interview with Kompas on April 11. 

In 2017, Erik was relocated to Kista, Sweden, after seven years of working with Ericsson in Santa Clara, California.

Erik said Ericsson has had a presence in Indonesia for more than 110 years—starting in 1907—and had introduced 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G networks to the country.

"In fact, two years ago in 2017, we showcased 5G here in Indonesia," Erik said.

After 5G connectivity has been established, tech trends will go toward artificial intelligence (AI) and eventually create a fully-automated or "Zero Touch" platform, according to Erik.  

"You shouldn't have to operate, shouldn’t have to configure things that go wrong, the system should be able to learn, it should be able to automatically provide service at its best for customers. So that’s one of the key trends that we want to push, how you use artificial intelligence for the future in five years, together with internet of things [IoT]," Erik said.

Full automation was also discussed in Erik's article Five Technology Trends Augmenting the Connected Society as "Highly Adaptable Cyber-Physical Systems," where an automated system can control physical processes and use feedback to adapt to new conditions in real time.

In the article, Erik mentioned an example: a smart factory where mechanical systems, robots, raw materials and products communicate and interact. This interaction enables machine intelligence to perform monitoring and control of operations at all plant levels.

Our high-level of connectivity has also made possible the emergence of "The Internet of Skills" according to Erik's article.

The Internet of Skills allows humans to interact in real time over great distances—both with each other, and with machines—and have similar sensory experiences to those that they experience locally.

Current examples include remote interactive teaching and remote repairs, along with applications in the medical industry still being experimented and explored, but soon even remote surgeries will become a real possibility.  

The fourth tech trend according to Erik is Trust Technologies or, in other words, better internet security.

"When you go to underpin society, you need to have performance to be reliable, it needs to be resilient, to be secure end-to-end. And all those things are part of the trustworthiness. So here Ericsson is taking the lead in the industry to provide the best technology in our products. And then we help operators to operate and manufacture infrastructure in secure and high-performing settings. This is another trend," Erik said.

The fifth trend we will see is "Ubiquitous, High-Capacity Radio," in other words, faster internet speeds from bigger bandwidths and lower latencies.

"The wireless access network is becoming a general connectivity platform that enables the sharing of data anywhere and anytime for anyone and anything. There is good reason to believe that rapidly increasing data volumes will continue in the foreseeable future. Ultra-reliable connectivity requires ultra-low latency, which will be needed to support demanding use cases. The focus will be on enabling high data rates for everyone, rather than support for extremely high data rates that are only achievable under specific conditions or for specific users," Erik writes in his article.

According to Erik, within five years we will have new technologies with better performance, and lower latencies, and better utilization because industries and companies will be relying on wireless technologies more and more.

"Ericsson is leading the wireless technology charge, and we will continue to drive this trend in the coming years," Erik said.