Indonesian Military (TNI) commander Chief Air Marshal Hadi Tjahjono appointed the commanders of the country's new joint regional commands during a ceremony at Halim Perdanakusuma Air Force Base in East Jakarta on Friday. (Photo courtesy of the Indonesian Military)

Indonesian Military Establishes Three New Joint Regional Defense Commands

SEPTEMBER 29, 2019

Jakarta. The Indonesian Military established three new joint regional commands on Friday to improve its capacity to deal with potential crises across the archipelago and serve as a more effective deterrent to security threats.

Indonesian Military (TNI) commander Chief Air Marshal Hadi Tjahjono, who appointed the heads of the new regional commands on Friday, said their establishment was based on a 2019 presidential decree, which also provides for the upgrading of 23 military resort commands, or garrisons.

"The threats and challenges Indonesia may face in the future continue to evolve, so it needs to integrate its land, sea and air forces to respond to such threats," Hadi said at Halim Perdanakusuma Air Force Base in East Jakarta, as quoted in a statement.

He added that future threats should be anticipated and considered in military planning.

Regional Defense Command I, headed by Rear Adm. Yudo Margono, and based in Tanjung Pindang, Riau, oversees Jakarta, West Java, Banten, West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan and all provinces on Sumatra Island.

Regional Defense Command II, headed by Air Vice Marshal Fadjar Prasetyo, is based in Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, and oversees East Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, Central Java, East Java, Bali, West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara and all provinces on Sulawesi Island.

Regional Defense Command III, headed by Maj. Gen. Ganip Warsito and based in Biak, Papua, oversees Maluku, North Maluku, Papua and West Papua.

The establishment of the new regional commands, known as kogabwilhan and which combine naval, air and army assets, splits Indonesia's territory into three military zones to provide for more flexibility and allow the TNI to respond faster to security threats.