Jakarta. Mikhail Galuzin, Russia's ambassador to Indonesia, said his country does not recognize the political declaration on United Nations reforms announced in New York last week as an official document and emphasized the need for intergovernmental negotiations among all UN member states to effect such broad changes.
"We do not conceive of the document signed as a United Nations document [...] We cannot support steps that are not agreed upon by all the United Nations member countries, in regards to the reform," Galuzin told reporters during a press conference in Jakarta on Wednesday (27/09).
On Sept. 18, more than 120 countries declared their support for a series of reforms of the United Nations, including improving bureaucracy to strengthen the organization and make it more responsive.
The declaration also proposes other changes, such as pursuing a management reform "to simplify procedures and decentralize decisions, with greater transparency, efficiency and accountability."
In an interview with Russia's NTV network, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said proposals for further discussions on the declaration were denied, "and that [member states] must sign it as it is."
Lavrov added that China, France and Russia were unable to accept this approach and therefore did not participate in the meetings, nor sign the document.
"Future reform should be based on the broadest possible consensus [and] agreement among all UN member states," Ambassador Galuzin said.
He added that any disagreement within the organization may undermine these reforms, or create a split among member countries. Therefore, any calls for reforms must be agreed upon "as a result of the process of intergovernmental negotiations," which should take into consideration the broad range of issues at hand.
During his speech at the UN Reform Event in New York, UN Secretary General António Guterres said reform is for the people served by the United Nations, and emphasized that the common goal for all UN member states is realizing "value for money while advancing shared values."
Russia remains very cautious of the approach taken to implement these reforms, despite acknowledging the indisputable need for the United Nations to be more effective and efficient, while strengthening its budget functions, among others.
Galuzin said they need to be careful to acknowledge the voices of all 193 member states within the organization.