Indonesia is attending the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference in Bonn, Germany, on June 17-27. (Photo courtesy of UNFCCC)

Indonesia Highlights 'Blue Carbon' at Climate Change Conference in Germany


JUNE 18, 2019

Jakarta. Indonesia will contribute to reducing carbon emissions by adopting "blue carbon" in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference, which kicked off in Bonn, Germany, on Monday.

The term refers to carbon absorbed and stored in coastal and marine ecosystems, such as mangroves, seagrass, brackish and phytoplankton ecosystems.

Ambassador Nurmala Kartini Pandjaitan Sjahrir, alternate chair of the Indonesian delegation, emphasized that the government wants to actively contribute to reducing carbon emissions as agreed upon during the 2015 Paris meeting.

She said by 2020, Indonesia will include blue carbon in reducing emissions because its role is still not accommodated.

"As the world's largest archipelagic country, we want to express the Indonesian government's support and great attention to reducing carbon emissions by between 29 percent and 41 percent by 2030," she said, as quoted by Antara news agency on Tuesday.

"As the largest archipelagic country, we do not understand the role of mangroves and the 'seagrass meadow,' of which 25 percent of the world's supply is in Indonesia," she added.

She said with this potential, Indonesia's blue carbon could play a bigger role in mitigating and adapting to global climate change.

"We hope that with the contribution of blue carbon, the increase of the earth's temperature by 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2050 can be suppressed in such a way," she said.

Representatives of the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Women's Empowerment and Child Protection and the Meteorology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) are attending the 10-day forum.

Mitigation of and adaptation to the impacts of climate change, increasing capacity and trust funds for climate change will be discussed by signatories of the convention.

Indonesia also proposes green carbon, or carbon stored in the plants and soil of natural ecosystems, to reduce the effects of climate change. According to the ambassador, this proposal is unique because usually most countries only have one of the two types of carbon.

Indonesia plans to continue talking about its commitments and contributions to reducing carbon emissions in various global forums, including the upcoming Conference of Parties 25 in December.

"We want to be heard in a world forum and the COP summit at Santiago de Chile in early December this year," she said, adding that Indonesia did not want to be present only as an observer, but also as a participant.