The smartphone application known as 'Smart Pakem,' features a list of groups, including Ahmadiyya, as well as Gafatar, which the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) considers a deviant sect. (Antara Photo/Akbar Nugroho Gumay)

New App to Report 'Misguided' Religion Risks Dividing Neighbors, Komnas HAM Says


NOVEMBER 26, 2018

Jakarta. The National Commission on Human Rights expressed concern on Monday over the launch of a smartphone application by the Jakarta Prosecutor's Office, which allows members of the public to report religious beliefs they consider "misguided."

Indonesia has no state religion but has traditionally required citizens to register as Muslim, Catholic, Protestant, Hindu, Buddhist or Confucian, though last year the Constitutional Court affirmed the rights of faiths outside official religions after a challenge by some indigenous faiths.

Nonetheless, there remain concerns about rising intolerance in the world's biggest Muslim-majority country as well as the use of strict blasphemy laws against minorities and the targeting of Islamic sects such as the Ahmadiyya.

The app, known as "Smart Pakem," features a list of groups, including Ahmadiyya, as well as Gafatar, which the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI), the country's top Muslim clerical body, considers a deviant sect.

It was not clear what the list represented, but some of the groups such as Gafatar have been outlawed and the app has a link that allows members of the public to report organizations deemed harmful.

The app could have a "dangerous consequence by causing social disintegration,' said Amiruddin Al-Rahab, a commissioner at the National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM).

"When neighbors are reporting each other, that would be problematic," Amiruddin told Reuters.

Despite facing a backlash from human rights groups, the free app was available for download on Google Play on Monday afternoon.

Amiruddin said since the app's features were not running in full, it was unclear whether the prosecutor's office would include detailed guidance on the kind of organization categorized as "harmful" or beliefs deemed as "misguided."

"Don't leave the people in confusion; if people are confused, they will take matters into their own hands," he said, adding that the app could also contravene the Constitutional Court's ruling last year on the rights of devotees of faiths outside the state-recognized religions.

The Jakarta Prosecutor's Office could not immediately be reached for comment.

Yulianto, an official at the Jakarta Prosecutor's Office, was quoted as saying by that the app aimed to educate people and to increase the transparency of the reporting process.

The Attorney General's Office has the authority under the law to monitor religions in case beliefs are deemed a threat to the community. It can also establish teams to examine such claims.