The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is calling on developing nations to take a tougher stand on the issue of climate change in the upcoming 21st Conference of Parties in Paris, France. (AFP Photo/John Macdougall)
Delhi-Based CSE Urges Developing Nations to Take a Tough Stance on Climate Change
BY :BASTEN GOKKON
NOVEMBER 06, 2015
New Delhi. An Indian environmental think-tank has urged all developing countries, including Indonesia, to negotiate “strongly” in the highly-anticipated climate change talk in Paris in December so that the global convention could result in a deal that takes into account the principles of “equity between developed and developing countries.”
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is set to host the 21st Conference of Parties (COP21), where countries are expected to come up with a legally binding and universal agreement to keep the increase in global surface temperature at below two degrees Celsius.
Many issues including countries’ climate action plans – called Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) – and inadequacy of the commitments made by developed countries will be the highlight at CoP21.
On Oct. 30, the UNFCCC released its so-called “Synthesis Report” which takes into account and provides a view to assessing the aggregate efforts of 119 INDCS from 147 countries.
The report represents about 86 percent of all the green house gas emissions in the world and includes submissions of all industrialized countries and about 75 percent of developing countries, UNFCCC executive secretary Christine Figueres said at the report's launch.
She called this culmination of the convention's two-year effort as a “significant achievement” and an “unprecedented engagement” from all countries.
“INDCs are reducing the rate of growth of emissions marginally, but this is not sufficient to keep the world on a safe temperature rise trajectory. Implementation of the INDCs will only lead to higher and higher emissions till 2030,” Chandra Bhushan, deputy director general of the Delhi-based Center for Science and Environment (CSE), said on Thursday.
Bhushan was citing a report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which estimates that the world would have to restrict its carbon dioxide emission to 1,009 gigatons between 2012 and 2100 to prevent the world's surface temperature from increasing more than two degrees.
A CSE analysis of the INDCa, however, showed that nations will use up 75 percent of the remaining carbon budget by 2030, sparking a rise in temperature of more than three degrees.
“We need more than INDCs at Paris. Else, we might well be looking at a future of run-away global warming and disastrous impacts of extreme weather events on the poor and vulnerable of the world,” Bhushan says, adding that there would be a 25 percent "ambition gap" until 2030.
Bhushan also claimed that post-2030, developed countries – which make up 10 percent of the world's population – will consume 26 percent of the remaining 250 billion gigatons of carbon dioxide, eventually forcing developing countries to halt their development efforts.
“When you are negotiating climate change, you are negotiating economic growth; you’re not negotiating about ecology, but you’re negotiating your right to development,” Sunita Narain, CSE director general of CSE told journalists on Thursday.
Narain added that developing countries must “send their best people and negotiate hard on climate change” so that the agreed upon deal from COP21 will also address their development needs.
“The real inconvenient truth is that the poorest [sic], who are not responsible for climate change, are the worst impacted, and that the developing world will lose the development dividend,” she pointed out.