Jakarta. Indonesia will have at least 310,000 battery electric vehicles, or BEV, on its roads by 2035, according to think-tank National Center for Sustainable Transportation Technology, or NCSTT.
The research center, which falls under the Bandung Technology Institute (ITB), recently conducted a forecast study for the BEV population in Indonesia. By using an agent-based modeling, NCSTT came up with a BEV population projection with three scenarios — namely the “aggressive”, “optimistic”, and the more realistic “base” scenarios.
"If we look into the aggressive scenario, by 2035, [the number of BEVs] is about 500,000 cumulatively in Indonesia. Whilst the baseline scenario is at 310,000 or 320,000 units,” NCSTT representative Sigit P Santosa told the Indonesia Energy Efficiency and Conference and Exhibition (IEECCE) on Wednesday.
The optimistic scenario suggests that the number of BEVs in Indonesia can hit the 400,000 mark by 2035, Sigit said.
NCSTT also revealed their 2035 forecast on EV charging units. According to the aggressive scenario, Indonesia will be home to 50,000 charging units by 2035. The base scenario suggests Indonesia will have at least 30,000 charging units by 2035. As for the optimistic scenario, the number reaches 40,000 charging units.
“[For the charging units forecast], we are using the rule of thumb of the development in China, Europe, and the US, about 10:1 ratio of electric vehicles to charging stations,” Sigit said.
During the discussion, the Technology Assessment and Application Agency (BPPT) shared their efforts on propelling Indonesia's EV transition. According to BPPT chairman Hammam Riza, the agency focuses more on the charging station management system (CSMS).
"We have prepared some of the infrastructures for the engineering and clearing technology of fast charging stations both for two-wheelers and four-wheelers," Hammam said.
"We are also looking at developing motor propulsions. We are very keen on looking at battery systems and partnering with state-owned enterprises," he added.
Indonesia has been eyeing EVs for future mobility, in a bid to slash carbon emissions. The government is aiming to sell only electric cars by 2050.
“All motorcycles sold from 2040 will be electric-powered, while all new cars sold from 2050 will be EVs,” Energy and Mineral Sources Minister Arifin Tasrif said on Monday, as quoted from Reuters.
The Central Statistics Agency (BPS) reported Indonesia’s vehicle population stood at a whopping 133 million units in 2019. Motorcycles are still Indonesians’ favorite as they reached about 112 million or around 84.2 percent of the total vehicles. Followed by passenger cars at 15 million units.